E-scooter safety concerns in the UK

national accident helpline e-scooterBy Legal Futures Associate National Accident Helpline

The injury risks of using e-scooters

E-scooters rentals are currently being trialed across the UK, but what are the safety concerns for riders and other vulnerable road users?

How to safely use e-scooters

Our recent research into the nation’s changing mobility habits highlighted how many people have taken up cycling and walking as alternative, more eco-friendly methods of transport in the last year. While it’s great to be ‘green’, we became concerned about the rising number of vulnerable road users and have been encouraging people to take extra care to reduce their likelihood of being involved in an accident.

Another trend that we believe is putting even more vulnerable road users at risk is the increase in e-scooters across the country, both through the government’s rental scheme trials and increasing private use sales.

We have seen several worrying local news stories reporting accidents between pedestrians and e-scooter riders. So, we decided to  find out more about how widespread this is, and what measures are in place to help people to stay safe.

We have looked into the current usage of e-scooters in England to highlight the potential road traffic injury consequences that could result from an increase in the number of e-scooters on the roads, and how this could impact both riders and other vulnerable road users.

E-Scooter Sales

The use of private e-scooters is still illegal on UK roads, pavements, cycle lanes and pedestrian areas. They can only be used legally on private land with permission of the land owner.

Despite this, cycling retailer Halfords saw sales of private e-scooters increase by 450% in 2020, with riders who break the rules risking a fine, penalty points on their licence and even having their e-scooter impounded if they ride them anywhere other than on private land.

Current Laws

The only way to currently, legally use an e-scooter on public roads – and this excludes motorways and pavements – is to rent one as part of various government trials across the country, and for this you are required to hold a valid full driving licence with category Q entitlement.

Even those who are following the laws, could still be landed with additional fines if the police deem the rider’s behaviour to be dangerous to themselves and/or other road users. According to the Met Police, dangerous behaviour includes but is not limited to:

  • using a mobile phone: £100 and six penalty points
  • riding through red lights: Fixed Penalty Notice, £100 fine and possible penalty points
  • drink driving offences: As with driving cars; court-imposed fines, driving ban and possible imprisonment

Rental Trials

The Department for Transport has provided a detailed description for how it classify e-scooters. This includes but is not limited to ‘an electric motor vehicle with a maximum continuous power rating of 500w’ and ‘a vehicle that has a maximum speed not exceeding 15.5 mph’.

In order to support a ‘green’ restart of local travel and help mitigate reduced public transport capacity, the Department for Transport is fast tracking and expanding trials of rental e-scooters across the country. The trials were launched on the 4 July 2020, with the intention to run trials for 12 months from the date e-scooters are made available to the public in each area.

A full or provisional driving licence is required to use an e-scooter, yet while cycle helmets are recommended, they are not a legal requirement for use.

There are currently 49 active e-scooter trials running across the country. However, they have not been without safety concerns for both riders and pedestrians. Trials were initially expected to continue until Autumn 2021, but it was recently announced that these will now run until 31 March 2022.

A full list of the current e-scooter trials can be found here.

A report on the results of e-scooter trials is expected in May 2022, 18 months after they were first launched.

national accident helpline e-scooter

Safety Concerns

The latest data shows that more than 70 people have been injured in the UK as a result of e-scooters, with 11 of these classed as being seriously injured. Safety concerns for pedestrians and vulnerable road users even caused Coventry to initially pause their e-scooter trial after only five days.

Some police forces have already been forced to issue warnings to riders about ‘the danger these machines pose to both the rider and pedestrians’.

While many e-scooter trails provide safety helmets at the point of hire, as there is no legal requirement to wear them, the public are currently able to use e-scooters in the trial areas with zero protective clothing.

How to Use E-Scooters Safely

While it is still not a legal requirement to use safety equipment when riding a rented e-scooter, the injuries that have already occurred in the UK, along with the long-term danger of a similar rise in serious head injuries as shown in the US, means that riders must utilise adequate protective clothing when using e-scooters.

The lack of a legal requirement to wear protective clothing when operating an e-scooter will leave the public unprepared for the significant risk of injury to both themselves and others, which could in turn lead riders to use the e-scooters in a reckless manner.

In order to best protect both yourself and other vulnerable road users when using an e-scooter, ensure that you always:

  • wear protective clothing such as a safety helmet, elbow pads and knee pads.
  • wear light colours or fluorescent clothing so other road users can see you.
  • be aware of your surroundings and do not move at speed when passing other pedestrians.
  • never ride an e-scooter on the pavement.

The additional safety advice given by the government to e-scooter renters at this time includes but is not limited to: ‘e-scooters should only be used within the local area hosting the trial’ and ‘e-scooters should only be used by one person at a time’.

If you have experienced an injury that wasn’t your fault as a result of using an e-scooter or have been involved in an accident with another road user who was using an e-scooter, then we can offer free and independent help in choosing the next course of action.


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